# What Is Current Ratio in Accounting? – An Academic Guide

#### What Is Current Ratio in Accounting? – An Academic Guide

Calculating a company’s current ratio is an important task for any accountant, as it is a key metric for monitoring a company’s health and liquidity. A current ratio is a measure of a company’s short-term liquidity, and indicates its ability to pay back its obligations. Knowing how to calculate and interpret the current ratio can help give a business owner a better understanding of their financial picture, as well as provide insight into potential areas of risk. In this article, we’ll explore what a current ratio is, how to calculate it, and how to interpret it.

## What is the Current Ratio in Accounting?

The current ratio (also known as the current asset ratio, the current liquidity ratio, or the working capital ratio) is an important financial analysis tool used to assess a firm’s ability to pay off its short-term liabilities. This ratio is calculated by dividing current assets by current liabilities. It is closely related to the quick ratio but also includes inventory and prepaid expenses in its calculation. A high current ratio indicates that a company has sufficient resources to meet its short-term financial obligations.

A low current ratio, on the other hand, indicates that a company may not have the necessary resources to meet its short-term obligations. The ideal ratio is considered to be 1.2 or higher. This means that the company has more than enough current assets to cover its current liabilities. It is important for companies to maintain a high current ratio as it indicates financial flexibility and helps lenders and investors feel secure when lending money or investing in the company.

## How is it Calculated?

The current ratio is calculated by dividing a company’s current assets by its current liabilities. Current assets include cash, accounts receivable, inventory, and prepaid expenses. Current liabilities include accounts payable, accrued liabilities, tax payable, and other short-term debt. As a result, the current ratio is expressed as a ratio of current assets to current liabilities.

## What is an Ideal Current Ratio?

A current ratio of 1.2 or higher is considered to be ideal, while a current ratio of less than 1.2 is considered to be low. A high current ratio indicates that a company has a strong financial position and is likely to have enough resources to meet its current obligations. A low current ratio indicates that the company may not have the necessary resources to meet its short-term obligations and may need to take additional steps to increase its current assets.

It is important to note that the current ratio can vary from industry to industry. For example, a retail company may have a higher current ratio than a manufacturing company, as the retail company may hold more inventory and have more money in the bank. Therefore, it is important for companies to compare their current ratio to the industry average to get a better understanding of their financial position.

The current ratio is an important financial analysis tool used to assess a firm’s ability to meet its short-term financial obligations. Companies should strive to maintain a high current ratio to ensure financial flexibility and the ability to pay their short-term debts. By comparing their current ratio to that of their industry peers, companies can get a better understanding of their current financial position and need to take any necessary steps to increase their current assets or reduce their current liabilities.